The Samoyed comes from a nomadic tribe in the northernmost parts of Siberia. These versatile animals were used to protect the tribe, herd livestock and even keep people warm.
The breed is remarkably pure, and is considered the closest to the original primitive dog; no wolf runs in their genes.
Breed Standard for Samoyeds
- Recognized by the AKC in 1906 as a distinct breed, Samoyeds are known for their gorgeous, long coats. While they primarily are white, they can also have shades of cream or biscuit.
- The beautiful coats are double-layered, meaning they have a soft undercoat and a long top coat of guard hairs. The guard hairs are often known as “silver tips”, as they shimmer and shine in the light.
- The dogs are medium-sized, often weighing between 35 and 60 lbs. The breed standard dictates that males be between 20 and 22 inches tall at the shoulder, and females are between 18 and 20 inches at the shoulder.
- Samoyeds are notable for their dramatic features. They have black eyes and usually have black lips and noses, making them look like snowmen. If a dog has blue eyes or multi-colored eyes, they are unable to enter the show ring
- Samoyeds have a remarkable tail that comes up and over the back; it does not curl or extend like a flag, it actually lays on the back. It is long and resembles a plume.
- Samoyeds have pointy, fuzzy ears that are completely upright.
- Samoyeds are appallingly bad guard dogs. They have a friendly and gentle disposition which makes them likely to love everyone.
- They are known for their happy and eager expression. Their black upturned lips give them the appearance of smiling
- Sammys are good with children and are high-energy, staying active well into old age
- Samoyeds excel in a wide range of sports, such as herding, agility, luring, mushing and weight-pulling
- While highly intelligent, Samoyeds are not often seen in the obedience ring. That does not mean they do not do well; they are quite capable of learning a great deal of commands but, since they are fiercely independent, they sometimes put their own “spin” on things to keep things interesting