Samoyeds are one of the oldest and purest breeds of dog. Unlike many other breeds, they are closely related to the primitive dog; they have no wolf or fox genes.

Origins of the Samoyed

This ancient breeds is believed to be descended from the Iaika, a spitz-type dog from Siberia. Samoyeds were kept by the Samoyede people for transportation, herding reindeer, guarding homes and staying warm.

They were treated as beloved members of the family. Samoyeds frequently slept next to the children in tents and igloos, providing warmth and protection. This tradition has caused the breed to continue to be deeply devoted to their family. They are intensely friendly, gentle and make excellent dogs for families with children.

Explorer and scientist Fridtjof Nansen used Samoyeds in his polar expeditions, as their size and hardiness made them excellent choices for pulling his sled and handling the weather.

Samoyeds in America

The first American Samoyed was imported from Russia and was registered with the American Kennel Club in 1906. However, the breed did not flourish in the United States until after World War I.

Most American Samoyeds descend from kennels in England. However, breeders have recently began introducing dogs from Finnish and Swedish lines.


  1. Brown, Lolly. Samoyed: Samoyed Dog Cost, Buying, Rescue, Temperament, Breeding, Health, Care, Diet, Grooming, Training and Much More! NBR Publishing, Nevada (2016).
  2. Growns, Beryl. All About the Samoyed. TFN Publishing, Inc, New York (1998).